What Is Coronary Angioplasty?

Coronary angioplasty is a medical procedure during which narrowed arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle are widened, to allow for improved flow of blood through these arteries to the heart, without the need for open heart surgery. 

What Is Coronary Angioplasty? Coronary angioplasty is a medical procedure in which a balloon is used to open a blockage in a coronary heart artery that has either decrease the blood flow or stopped it all together narrowed by atherosclerosis.

 These options such as angioplasty and coronary artery bypass grafting CABG, is a type of open-heart surgery.  Angioplasty also is used as an emergency procedure during a heart attack.  Angioplasty can quickly open the artery and is the best approach during a heart attack.  A disadvantage of angioplasty as compared with CABG is that the artery may narrow again over time.

Today angioplasty is applied to vascular problems throughout the body, including the heart, the carotid artery in the neck, the renal arteries serving the kidneys and the blood vessels in the legs.

There is a danger of puncturing the vessel with the guide wire during an angioplasty, although the risk is very small. The length of the patient’s hospital stay following an angioplasty depends on his or her overall condition, the occurrence of complications, and the availability of home care.

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